People like different colours. Some like red & some like blue. Ever wondered why someone is attracted to a particular colour? Colour preference reflect a lot about a person’s personality. Experts agree, also numerous studies have gleaned that color psychology is real. Of course, individuals vary & the characteristics mentioned do not hold true for everyone. Read below to gain more insight about colours:

1. Black

People who like black colour tend to be mysterious & powerful. You are dignified, refined & intelligent. You come across as calm & in control. People who like the color black tend to be deep thinkers. You may come across as intimidating sometimes but overall you are smart, capable & responsible.

2. White

White is color that indicates purity, cleanliness, independence, order & peace. White can indicate innocence as well, but white is really a color that indicates change & transformation, such as a new beginning or a change of plans. If you find yourself gravitating towards white, it can mean that you are in a time of change or transition. People who like the color white are wise & balanced.

3. Purple

People with a fondness for purple are deeply insightful about life & are often either artistic in expressing themselves or have great admiration for the artistic endeavors of others. Among purple loving people there is a common interest in striving for peace & envision a world free of war & diseases. Likewise, purple lovers strive to share the message through artistic endeavors. Purple lovers are also often attracted to mystical & spiritual matters.

4. Blue

Blue is the most commonly loved color of them all. People who like blue strive to have serene lifestyle & a sense of peace by keeping their home & undertakings in good order. Blue lovers tend to be thoughtful. The blues are very often highly intellectual. Blues can often strongly adhere to their own opinions, however they are also sensitive to the needs of others & generally manage their emotions well. Blue is associated with achievement & success.

5. Green

If you have a fondness toward green then social standing is important to you. You want people to recognize you even if it is just in a simple way. You have good relationships with others. You are steady & unchanging in your life view. People who like green often resist change & strive diligently to protect their good life & standing. People who like green, also tend to enjoy nature & have a need to connect with the earth.

6. Yellow

People who gravitate towards yellow tend to have an optimistic outlook on life. They have high aspirations & work diligently to achieve their dreams. They are well-organized, methodical & deliberate. Yellow lovers have a tendency to run out of steam though and in the long run you may not achieve your well planned goals for the lack of energy to execute them. You are not shy but may possess a natural reserve or appear aloof.

7. Orange

Those who have a love for the color orange are inclined to be outgoing & friendly. They are pleasant people, make friends easily and tend to smile. Orange lovers truly enjoy fun friendships. They can easily engage in more deep discussions with people yet they are also typically light & affectionate. You are at ease with large groups of people & meeting new people.

8. Red

The color red is very appealing to the extrovert. Red is associated with strong appetites and a desire to live life to the fullest. Red can sometimes be associated with aggression & impulsiveness. A person who likes red may be inclined to a moody personality with many ups & downs in feelings. Likewise, they tend to release your emotions quickly. Reds know that life should be happy & are quick to become upset when life challenges this. Reds can also be quick to judge.

9. Pink

Pink is associated with love, femininity, sweetness, innocence & affection. Pink people tend to be romantic, generous & sensitive towards others. People who like pink tend to be caregivers & know how to be there for others. They can often wear their heart on their sleeves, but they remain positive & are open and loving to all.

10. Brown

People who are drawn to brown are steady, hard-working & deliberate in their approach to life. Browns connect to the earth & are dependable & responsible. They are hard workers & tenacious. Browns are frugal & are often considered old souls.


Just like all other products, beauty products also have a life. There is a shelf life & period after opening which means life of the product, once the lid of the product is opened for use.

You can find a product’s (PAO) Period After Opening, mentioned at the back of the product, like this:

Usually products do not expire after PAO because the way you handle your makeup in general can extend its shelf life. If you take care of your products, they can last more than expiry date being safe to use.

Other than this, there are several different environmental conditions & things that can destroy your product like heat, sunlight & oxidation. Specially when you use beauty products that contain skin care ingredients in them be destroyed before time, if not stored properly.

Heat & Sunlight can change the texture of the product. In extreme cases it can cause bacteria to grow inside. This phenomena is commonly observed in Wonder Wax (Cold Wax). It gets watery & less tacky if kept in heat. Also, it gets too thick & less sticky if kept in very cold weather.

Oxidation is the phenomena where chemical change takes place in a product due to coming in contact with air. Oxidation can change the chemical formula of the product, resulting colour & fragrance change of the product. In extreme cases the product can even dry out & become tacky. It is important to close the lid of the products well after use.

The following products are Extra Sensitive & need to be stored in a dry & cool place, away from heat & sunlight:

  1. Natural Oils
  2. Serums
  3. Anti-Aging Products
  4. Sunscreens
  5. Foundations
  6. Concealers
  7. Organic Creams
  8. Glosses
  9. Mascara


She feels she owes everyone a eulogy for Mahnoor’s passing away, Sammar writes, “Mahnoor’s relapse was discovered only 2 days before she was due to return to LUMS to continue her studies & while last time she did not shed a single tear, this time she wept inconsolably. Regardless, she was admitted & she fought to her last. A cycle of chemotherapy left her depleted of her immunity & her lung contracted pneumonia. She was admitted to the ICU & then put on ventilators. She survived for 10 days then. Her lungs collapsed first & then organ failure happened & finally, a cardiac arrest took her life. I know that she fought till the end for when my father excused himself when asked to sign the ventilator consent form, I got to spent minutes in private with her. I told her what was happening & that she had to fight a little longer.”

Lying there gasping for breath, she gave me a thumbs up. She fought but then the fight became too much to ask of any human being.

“What can I tell you about Mahnoor? For once I am at a loss for words. She was like that… She could render the gushing of the river to silence. Her laughter was loud, her emotions intense, her personality was extreme. Her charm was her polarity. Her laugh could set birds to flight & her temper could ebb lightening. She was smart & intuitive & before the diagnosis, she knew she had cancer & before reports, she knew she had relapsed. What can I tell you about that girl? She was magic with the frame of a fawn & the strength of 10 men. She fought for what she believed & acquired everything by pursuit & not by privilege.”

She bore the burden of this infliction with grace & dancing at her cousin’s wedding she did not look cancer-stricken.


“She endured the side affects of treatment with ease & confidence. Her goodness & sense showed in her reclusiveness & she was the beloved of God. She was my baby sister… Our little Mahnoor! This day all I hear is white noise & nothing anyone says makes sense. I can only hear the rustle of poplars at Kakul Road & the din-din of cars. But any words of sense I can not register. Sometimes I go to your whatsapp, hoping to catch you like I would when you would not reply. Sometimes I call your name to hear how it sounds to the ear but all I can hear is ringing. I know it will get better. We will learn to endure. Your parents are happy your suffering is over but they miss you. We all miss you. You have been coming to me in my dreams sometimes asking about Shahmeer & sometimes telling me to feed the fish.”

I hope you are not lonely. I hope you have met Abu. And I hope you are together happily forgetting the pains you have both endured.

“But remember us. We are sick with grief. Your parents are sick with grief but they’re trying to be brave like you. You are the bravest person I know. It has been an honor to know you. Meri jaan! Mera bacha! Who used to come to me and talk about the things you could say only on the opioids they gave you for pain relief. When I would tell you the way of the world you would say ‘No Sammy, I want to know what you think. What is your opinion?’ & that made me feel so special. Mahnoor all our childhood flashes in my mind in a vague blur & when I see your friends, I feel your presence amongst them laughing with your mouth open & clapping your hands.”

I wish you could know how the entire world took your story so personally & wept for you.

“I wish you could know how much you are loved. I wish you could tell Shireen that it’s okay. That she is still a hero for giving you her cells. I wish you could tell Daud & Ismail, how brave they are. I wish you could kiss Baba & Ami goodbye. Your Versace noir still lingers in the air. It is a smell we will never forget. I wish you could tell Ami every little thing that bothers you & not bear in silence. I wish you could tell Yousuf that our suicide squad is still intact but most of all, I wish you know how special & beautiful and magical you are. Shahmeer asks about you every single night & he still prays you will get better. I don’t know how to tell him his favorite is gone. I will miss our late night movies & foodpanda. I love you my dearest, darling. You are my child. I wish you could still root for Tender Heart. Your friends come to see you every day & they came to say goodbye, just like we all did. I guess it’s goodbye. You will forever live in our hearts. I wish we meet again someday.”

Mahnoor, wherever you are, I hope you’re happy and peaceful.

“Snuggling with me under the blankets you told me you did not want to die but you have left nothing incomplete. But there is one dream that you dreamt the past 1 year, of a cancer foundation to fund treatment of poor cancer patients and we will see that to completion. I promise we will see that many cancer patients have the privilege that you did. We will never forget. Please meri jaan, don’t ever forget!”

P.S. Don’t forget to say prayers for Mahnoor, Sammar & their family along with every patient & their loved ones who have undergone the terrible trials of Cancer.  May their soul rest in peace. Aameeen!


Also, pray for the SHIFA of all other patients who are suffering from any sort of disease & fighting for their life. May Allah bless them with a healthy, happy & long life. Aameeen! 



Mahnoor Shabir is a Pakistani girl who took her early education from Beaconhouse School Systen & was currently studying in Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS). She was 21 years old, fighting a deadly disease known as cancer like a brave warrior. She was diagnosed cancer few years back & won the battle against it. But this battle was not over yet. She was recently diagnosed cancer, once again. Knowing about her disease, Mahnoor recently updated her facebook status on 18th January 2017, 7:31 p.m. saying; “Won a battle but the war against cancer isn’t over yet. Fortunately or unfortunately, it relapsed just a few days back. I am a 21 years who should be worrying about my quizzes and if I made it above the average, but instead I have to worry about my blood counts being in the normal range. I am 21 years old who should be worrying about my GPA, but instead I worry about the result of my biopsies. I am a 21 years old who should be searching for the best post grad universities abroad, instead I am searching for the best cancer clinics abroad. I am a 21 years old who should be rejoining her university again this week, instead I am getting hospitalized again. I am a 21 years old who should be worrying about a chipped nail, instead I worry about the effects of chemotherapy. I am a 21 years old who should be worrying about relationships, instead I worry about emotional attachment with almost anyone. I am a 21 years old who should be the one making trips to the hospital for her parents and wheeling them around, instead they are the ones doing it. But none of that upsets me, it makes me only more grateful that I am an extra ordinary 21 years old. I am a 21 years with incredible strength, willpower, resilience and courage to face one of the most deadliest maladies again. A second attempt may be frustrating but I believe it can be easy too. And it makes me grateful to have the most amazing and supportive parents out there. But I am a 21 years old who is nothing without Allah or the prayers that He answers. So I would request you all to keep me in your prayers as much as you can. No one knows when one of it might get accepted! ?”  And then she updated this on 28th January 2017, 2:00 a.m. “Please! Please! I beg you to all to keep remembering me in your prayers. And more than that, I need you to you to pray for my parents!” A few days back she passed away. 

All her status reflect her love & desire for living life like a normal person. Her photos reflect the vivaciousness she bared in her heart. So many people among us who are blessed with a good health are so ungrateful to this blessing because we do not realize its value.. We should be thankful to Allah (S.W.T) for every little blessing we have.

We go to school, college, university or job everyday. We go out with friends, party, enjoy life. We live our life the way we want. We have no idea about the patients who are admitted in the hospital. They spend their every minute looking at the ceiling or walls, thinking about their recovery.

Parents wish that their children will take care of them & will be their support system when they will grow old. We have no idea how heartbreaking it is when parents sit in the hospital for hours, days, weeks or even months in hospital, waiting for their sick children to get well. It is even more heart wrenching when parents give birth to their children, bring them up & then bury their children in graves.

May Allah (S.W.T) bless all the sick people with healthy & long life!

May Allah (S.W.T) grant Mahnoor the highest rank in Jannah. May Allah (S.W.T) bless her parents, family & friends with infinite patience!

Hats off to all the cancer patients, who are fighting this deadly disease. Just know you are not alone. Somewhere, someone is fighting for his/her survival & life.


“The common cold is an infection of the upper respiratory system, including the nose, throat, sinuses, Eustachian tubes, larynx & bronchial tubes.”

It is an illness caused by a tiny, living thing called a virus. Although more than 200 different viruses can cause a cold, but 30-50% are caused by a group of rhinoviruses. The corona virus is responsible for about 20% of the cases, while the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) & para-influenza virus cause 10% of colds. Almost all colds clear up in less than 2 weeks without compilation.

Colds, sometimes called rhinovirus or corona virus infections, are the most common illness to strike any part of the body. It is estimated that the average person has more than 50 colds during a lifetime. Anyone can get a cold, although pre-school & grade school children catch them more frequently than adolescents & adults. Repeated exposure to viruses causing colds creates partial immunity.

Although colds resolve on their own without complications, they are a leading cause of visits to the doctor. Treating symptoms of the common cold has given rise to a multi-million dollar industry over-the-counter medications.


  • Rhinovirus
  • Coronavirus
  • RSV & para-influenza
  • Pikorna virus
  • Influenza virus


  • Scratchy or sore throat
  • Sneezing
  • Stuffy nose
  • Watery eyes
  • Mucus draining from your nose into your throat
  • Cough
  • Body Ache
  • Fever
  • Lethargic (feeling of tiredness)
  • Associated with Diarrhea


Colds are diagnosed by observing a person’s symptoms.

Nasal congestion, sneezing, a runny nose & coughing are all classic signs of a cold. In most cases, common colds go away on their own, and it is not necessary to make an appointment with your doctor or your child’s pediatrician for an evaluation & diagnosis. Sometimes, the common cold may develop into more serious complications, such as bronchitis or pneumonia. Ear infections are a common complication in children.


The treatment is based on symptoms:

  • Decongestants & Antihistamines
  • Nasal Sprays
  • Cough Medicine & Cough Syrups
  • Aches & Pain
  • Antibiotics & Colds


  1. Garlic
  2. Honey
  3. Spice Tea
  4. Red Onion
  5. Ginger
  6. Chicken Soup
  7. Milk


1. SINUSITIS: It is an infection of the small air-filled cavities inside the cheekbones & forehead.

2. MIDDLE EAR INFECTION (OTITIS MEDIA): It develops in an estimated 1 in every 5 children under the age of 5 with a cold.

3. CHEST INFECTION: A chest infection is an infection that affects your lungs, either in the larger airways or in the smaller air sacs. There is a build-up of pus & mucus. The airways become swollen, making it difficult to breathe.

4. ASTHMA ATTACK: It is the inflammation, swelling or the tightening of the muscles of the lining of airways which make it harder to breath.

5. STREP THROAT: It is caused by streptococcal bacteria that spread in the same way a cold does. You can get it from touching an infected person or surface from airborne particles when a person coughs or sneezes or from sharing infected items with an infected person.

6. PNEUMONIA: This complication can be especially dangerous & sometimes deadly for people in high-risk groups. These groups include the young, the elderly & those with existing conditions. Therefore, it is important to see your doctor at the first sign of pneumonia symptoms.

8. BRONCHITIS: It is an inflammatory condition of the smallest airways in the lungs (bronchioles). This is a common but sometimes severe infection that is most commonly due to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

9. CROUP: It is a condition characterized by its harsh cough similar to that of a barking seal. Other symptoms include fever and a hoarse voice.


  • Wash your hands often.
  • Avoid touching your face, especially the nose, mouth & eye area.
  • Do not smoke.
  • Keep household surfaces clean.
  • If your child has a cold, wash his or her toys as well when you are cleaning household surfaces & commonly-used items.
  • Use paper towels in the kitchen & bathroom for drying hands after hand washing.
  • Throw tissues away after use.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle.
  • Control stress, studies have shown that people experiencing emotional stress have weakened immune systems & are more likely to catch a cold than their calmer counterparts.



There has been a question by those who have an oily skin that using serums & moisturizers make the skin oily? No definitely not. It is important to find the right kind of product you need. Applying serums, moisturizers & facial oils on oily skin doesn’t make the skin oilier infact it stops the skin from producing its own oils to keep it hydrated which can be a reason of breakouts.


Age spots are not just a reason of aging. Age spots can be caused due to several other reasons such as hormonal fluctuations, genetics & too much sun exposure. In order to prevent your skin, it is important to wear sunscreen all the time.


Yes, water is good for your skin. It helps to keep your skin hydrated but it won’t treat your dry skin. Many studies have compared the water content of dry skin to that of normal or oily skin, which shows that there isn’t a significant difference. The causes of dry skin are far more complicated than water consumption. So you need to apply serums, lotions & suitable oils to keep your skin from drying.


    This is one of my favorite myths because there was a time when I believed that when bleach tingles that means its colouring my facial hair golden & cutting down all the dirt. But as I got more into cosmetology I understood that tingling means irritating your skin instead of helping it. So the tingling sensation on your skin means your skin is being irritated by the product.


Back in the days when makeup artistry was not so common it was said you can test a foundation by applying it on your wrist. Wait… No! No one ever told that your wrist tends to be lighter or darker than your face tone, therefore while choosing a foundation, test it on your jawline for the right shade.



She was walking on a pedestrian path. She called out for me. I was buying ice cream for her. She screamed & I at once returned to her. I saw her on the ground. She has fell on the ground & got her elbow hurt. She was dusting herself up & had tears in her eyes. I told her, “It’s okay Sweetheart, you’re my Queen, Queens don’t get hurt, they’re strong.”

She gazed towards me with enrage in her eyes & said, “Don’t you call me Queen next time!” I was puzzled & dazzled by her reaction. Girls at her age normally love such titles. She dusted herself & stood up refusing to take my hand. I had a crippling in my heart & was confused on her response to my help. I interjected, “Sweetheart, have I offended you? Are you off because you fell & I wasn’t there to reach out to you?”. She took my hand, kissed it & said, “Never, I can never be offended by such a silly thing, I’m offended because you called me Queen.” First, I sighed & then I laughed. I asked, “Why? Is being called Queen a matter of shame? Or is there something wrong with the word? Normally girls love to be called Queen, especially at your age.” She started walking on the pedestrian path, with her ice cream in her mouth & replied with a spark in her eyes, “Do you know what is the real function of Queen?” I paused & stopped walking, I knew what she was saying, I knew what she meant. She narrowed her eyes & insisted upon her question, this time stressing the words the real function of Queens. I replied, “Yes, I know, I have also watched Queen Bee movie, I know their real function is just to lay eggs.” Something pinched me in the heart, a girl so young of age 15 has revealed a secret upon me, FUNCTION OF QUEEN! WOMEN! QUEEN!

“So, now you won’t call me Queen next time, okay?”, she said & I agreed. Since that day I never called her Queen, but that question left me in a dilemma, so many days, so many years, since eras, women are calling themselves Queens without knowing the real function of Queen. Queens are to lay eggs, just lay eggs?? Just to marry & prepare a generation? Really?. She left me in a great tyranny. I couldn’t stand the exclamatory meaning of Queen, I didn’t know why she hated it, Queens are treated like a lady of code. They are treated highly, queen bees, they are treated like a majesty, is it a matter of shame? No! How can such a wonderful act become a matter of shame? Then what makes a Queen? Is it just to lay eggs? No! It is to take responsibility of an entire nation & delivering it with ultimate sense as a Queen Bee does. To be Queen is a responsibility by nature no one can escape. I thought, “To hate the word at her age was okay, I didn’t mind it. She must have given the similar response as she did, she must concentrate on becoming the Woman of Value.” I was still thinking when my phone rang, it was her on call, I received the phone, it was so much noise on the other side, she shouted in excitement, “You know, you know… I got scholarship, I’m so happy, I’m coming home to you, you’re my Queen, I’m just coming, I’m on my way.” And she hung up. My heart went warm & tears rolled over my cheeks, she just called me Queen, she knew what she meant, I’m successful to raise her, she knew what a Queen means & whom it suits. I was happy & relieved she knows the importance of things. I was very happy.


I woke up at 7:30 a.m. thinking, this day might be same as other days where I follow my regular routine. But I had no idea that this day was about to be different & I was about to encounter too many questions that I never thought of before.

Anyway following my daily routine, I had my breakfast & left for my university. My best friend Ayesha seemed upset. I asked her the reason for being so low. She told me that her father lost his job & her whole family was upset. His father was a hardworking & honest employee. Lost in the conversation, she asked me “Why Allah (S.W.T) did this to me & my family? We never expected this to happen. Have we done anything wrong?” Looking at the grief in her eyes, I had no words to say. I kept starring in her face & said “Put your faith in Allah (S.W.T). He will give you your answers soon.”

Later that day I was looking for my another friend Uzma, who was my senior. I borrowed a novel to read from her few weeks back. I had to return it to her. I kept looking for her & I could not find her. I decided to go to her friends to inquire about her. I met some of her friends & asked them about her. They said that she left the university as she was unable to pass the exams & she decided not to waste any more money on this. Though she was a bright & studious student but she was unable to understand the business subjects. Listening about Uzma, another question popped up in my mind, “Why Allah (S.W.T) did not help her despite her hard work?” Students who cheated in their exams passed. But the one who never cheated & worked hard, failed. She was capable than many other students of her class. Hearing about Ayesha & then Uzma, made me upset. I could not get them off my mind. I had so many questions in my mind & no one to answer those questions.

Later that day, in the evening, my mom asked me to bring her a glass of water. Lost in my thoughts, I went into the kitchen & switched on the button to turn on the light. The light did not turn on. I waited for like 5 seconds. Then I realized, I pressed the wrong button, that is why the light did not turn on. And suddenly, I felt like I got all the answers to my questions.

Life is a dark room that either brightens up or becomes even more darker as we take decisions about different things happening in our life. When we make wrong choices, we never get fruitful results. No matter how long we wait & pray, but something that is not meant to be ours, never becomes a part of our life & we never fit in. In many cases waiting is worthwhile, but not all the time. After a suitable time of trying & waiting we have to move on & find the button that is meant to brighten up our life. Mistakes are for learning. Wrong choices of past should never stop one from moving on & making the right choices. Once after making the wrong choices one should not stay at the same place in the darkness, in fact move on, searching for light.

It has been 6 months now, Ayesha’s father found a new job which is far better than the last one, with more monetary as well as non-monetary benefits. Uzma is now enrolled in a law university & she is topper of her university. It seems like failure did not stop them from moving on & they found the right buttons.

So the moral is, failure is not the end. Stopping & not trying new things is the real failure. Keep moving on & trying. After sadness there is happiness. Never let failure or your fears stop you!

(Surah Al-Nashrah, Ayat: 6)


As promised in our previous post Reason For Being Awayhere is our post about Cerebral Aneurysm.

It is said 1 in 50 people have a brain aneurysm. The annual rate of rupture is approximately 8 per 100,000 people or about 30,000 people in the United States suffer a ruptured brain aneurysm. There is a brain aneurysm rupturing every 18 minutes. Ruptured brain aneurysms are fatal in about 40% of cases. Of those who survive, about 66% will suffer some permanent deficit. There are almost 500,000 deaths worldwide due to ruptured brain aneurysms & half of the victims are younger than the age of 50.

So here we begin with the understanding of hypertension & cerebral aneurysms.


The pressure of the blood against the inner walls of the blood vessels, varying in different parts of the body during different phases of contraction of the heart & under different conditions of health, exertion, etc.


Cerebral or brain aneurysm is a cerebra-vascular disorder in which weakness in the wall of a cerebral artery or vein causes a localized dilation or ballooning of the blood vessel.

Hypertension is known to be a silent killer (by killing the person silently without any symptoms). Its silence can be very dangerous sometimes which can be fatal or can leave a serious morbidity behind. Hypertension may cause many health problems but this is article is written with the idea to provide you information about cerebral aneurysm.

The blood vessels are made up of three layers .i.e. tunica intima, media & adventitia.

When the Tunica Intima the inner most layer gets damaged usually due to high blood pressure or due to trauma, the vessel’s elasticity is compromised & the blood gets turbulence leading to the ballooning of vessel known as False Aneurysm formation. The True Aneurysm is said when all three layers of vessel is involved.

These Aneurysm can occur anywhere is the human body such as Abdominal Aorta or other blood vessels. If this aneurysm occurs with in the cranial cavity in the cerebral vessels it is known to be Cerebral Aneurysm.


Aneurysm is a weak bulging spot on the wall of a brain artery very much like a thin balloon or weak spot on an inner tube. Over time, the blood flow within the artery pounds against the thinned portion of the wall & aneurysms form silently from wear & tear on the arteries. As the artery wall becomes gradually thinner from the dilation, the blood flow causes the weakened wall to swell outward. This pressure may cause the aneurysm to rupture & allow blood to escape into the space around the brain, which may be Fatal or can be a serious Complication.


  1. SACCULAR ANEURYSM: It is a round shaped aneurysm that accounts for the vast majority of intracranial aneurysms. They are also the most common cause of non-traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage.
  2. FUSIFORM ANEURYSM: Also known as Spindle Shaped Aneurysm. It is a variable in both diameter & length; their diameters can extend up to 20 cms.
  3. BERRY ANEURYSM: It is a small aneurysm that looks like a berry & classically occurs at the point at which a cerebral artery departs from the circular artery (the circle of Willis) at the base of the brain.
  4. MYCOTIC ANEURYSM: It is a localized, irreversible, atrial dilation due to destruction of the vessel wall due to infection.


  1. Smoking
  2. High blood pressure or Hypertension
  3. Congenital resulting from inborn abnormality in artery wall
  4. Family history of brain aneurysms
  5. Age over 40
  6. Gender, women compared with men have an increased incidence of      aneurysms at a ratio of 3:2
  7. Other disorders like Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, Polycystic Kidney Disease, Marfan Syndrome & Fibromuscular Dysplasia(FMD)
  8. Presence of an arteriovenous malformation (AVM),
  9. Drug use, particularly cocaine
  10. Infection
  11. Tumor
  12. Traumatic head injury
  13. Hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis)
  14. Heavy alcohol consumption
  15. Certain blood infections
  16. Lower estrogen levels after menopause



Aneurysms are usually silent they will not let you know where and when you got the Aneurysm certain series of events & some features can let you know about an Aneurysm


  1. Pain above and behind an eye
  2. A dilated pupil
  3. Change in vision or double vision
  4. Numbness
  5. Weakness or paralysis of one side of the face
  6. A drooping eyelid.


  • Sudden, extremely severe headache


It is usually known as Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH). It is presented with the typical feature of worst pain ever as the patient complains of a severe headache that he/she had never experienced before. Other features may include:

  1. Nausea and vomiting
  2. Stiff neck
  3. Blurred or double vision
  4. Sensitivity to light
  5. Seizure
  6. A drooping eyelid
  7. Loss of consciousness
  8. Confusion


Diagnosis is usually based on two things; a positive history with a positive series of events & radiological images.

  • MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI): MRI uses a magnetic field & radio waves to create detailed images of the brain, either 2-D slices or 3-D images. A type of MRI that assesses the arteries in detail (MRI angiography) may detect the site of a ruptured aneurysm.
  • COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY (CT): A CT scan, a specialized X-ray exam, is usually the first test used to determine if you have bleeding in the brain. The test produces images that are 2-D “slices” of the brain. With this test, you may also receive an injection of a dye that makes it easier to observe blood flow in the brain and may indicate the site of a ruptured aneurysm. This variation of the test is called CT angiography.
  • CEREBROSPINAL FLUID TEST: If you have had a subarachnoid hemorrhage, there will most likely be red blood cells in the fluid surrounding your brain and spine (cerebrospinal fluid). Your doctor will order a test of the cerebrospinal fluid if you have symptoms of a ruptured aneurysm but a CT scan has not shown evidence of bleeding. The procedure to draw cerebrospinal fluid from your back with a needle is called a Lumbar Puncture or Spinal Tap.
  • CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAM: During this procedure, your doctor inserts a thin, flexible tube (catheter) into a large artery — usually in your groin — & threads it past your heart to the arteries in your brain. A special dye injected into the catheter travels to arteries throughout your brain.
  • X-RAY IMAGES: They can then reveal details about the conditions of your arteries and the site of a ruptured aneurysm. This test is more invasive than others and is usually used when other diagnostic tests don’t provide enough information.


Treatment of depends upon the condition, size & location of aneurysm.


  • MEDICAL THERAPY: Small, unruptured aneurysms that are not creating any symptoms may not need treatment unless they grow, trigger symptoms or rupture. It is very important to have annual checkups to monitor blood pressure, cholesterol & other medical conditions. Small, unruptured aneurysms require regular imaging examinations to make sure that they have not grown or changed significantly.
  • NEUROSURGERY: Depending upon the person’s risk factors, open surgery may be recommended. Patients are placed under general anesthesia, an opening is made in the skull, the brain tissue is spread apart & the aneurysm is surgically exposed. Then the neurosurgeon places a surgical clip around its base. The clip seals off the aneurysm in a way that blood can not enter. For an uncomplicated surgical clipping procedure, the hospital stay is usually 4-6 days. Full recovery usually takes several weeks to months.
  • NEUROINTERVENTIONS / NEURORADIOLOGY: Depending on the aneurysm’s size, location & shape, it may be treatable from inside the blood vessel. This minimally invasive procedure is similar to the cerebral angiogram. However, in addition to taking pictures, a catheter is directed through the blood vessels into the aneurysm itself. Then, using X-ray guidance, the endovascular surgeon carefully places soft platinum micro-coils into the aneurysm and detaches them. The coils stay within the aneurysm and act as a mechanical barrier to blood flow, thus sealing it off. For an uncomplicated procedure, the hospital stay is usually 1-2 days. Recovery after the operation usually takes 5-7 days. For a complicated surgery or endovascular treatment, or if an aneurysm has bled into the brain, hospitalization may last from 1-4 weeks, depending on the patient’s medical condition & any complications caused by the hemorrhage.


  • SURGICAL CLIPPING: It is a procedure to close off an aneurysm. The neurosurgeon removes a section of your skull to access the aneurysm & locates the blood vessel that feeds the aneurysm. Then he/she places a tiny metal clip on the neck of the aneurysm to stop blood flow towards it.


  • ENDOVASCULAR COILING: It is a less invasive procedure than surgical clipping. The surgeon inserts a hollow plastic tube (catheter) into an artery, usually in your groin & threads it through your body to the aneurysm.


Other treatments for ruptured brain aneurysms are aimed at relieving symptoms & managing complications, which include:

  1. Pain relievers
  2. Calcium channel blockers
  3. Interventions to prevent stroke from insufficient blood flow
  4. Anti-seizure medications
  5. Ventricular or lumbar draining catheters & shunt surgery


Living with an aneurysm is like living with a tiny time bomb constantly ticking in your head. The worst thing is not knowing that you have a aneurysm.

  • RE-BLEEDING: It occurs in nearly 19% of SAH patients. SAH patients who experience re-bleeding at any time, approximately 70% will die. Re-bleeding is most likely to occur within the first 2 weeks of the SAH. Peak times within this time frame are within the first 24-48 hours & between 7-10 days.
  • VASOSPASM: It is the narrowing of a cerebral blood vessel due to irritation. Vasospasm results in reduced cerebral perfusion, cerebral ischemia, potential infarction & deterioration of neurological function. The mortality rate from vasospasm is between 40-50%.
  • HYDOCEPHALUS: It is a condition that occurs when fluid builds up in the skull & causes the brain to swell. The name means “water on the brain.”

    Brain damage can occur as a result of the fluid buildup. This can lead to developmental, physical & intellectual impairments. It requires treatment to prevent serious complications.

  • HYPONATREMIA: Subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured brain aneurysm can disrupt the balance of sodium in the blood supply. This may occur from damage to the hypothalamus, an area near the base of the brain. A drop in blood sodium levels (hyponatremia) can lead to swelling of brain cells & permanent damage.