THE TWO KIDS

            I was watching a cricket match in the ground. But today I saw something new. On the corner of the ground I saw 2 kids sitting with a box. I love noticing & observing different things. Noticing these 2 kids from a distance for a while, I decided to go to them.

I went there & asked: “Who are you? I have not seen any of you here, before.”
They said: “We are brothers & this is our little shop. We used to keep it in front of the gate of our house but there are not enough sale that is why we thought to come here because of tournament & for the sake of increasing our sales.
I asked: “How much you have sold here?”
They said: “Not a single rupee yet. No one is coming to buy anything from us.”
I asked: “Do you study?”
The young brother said: “Yes! I study in grade 2.”
The elder brother said: “I do not study, because I keep holding this (little shop) in front of the school.”
I asked: “What does your father do? How many brothers you are?
The younger one replied: “My father does nothing. He can not even move due to paralysis. We are 4 bothers. 2 of my brothers are younger than me & my elder brothers is here with me, he also works on different shops for the sake of bread winning.”
I asked: “How much you sell on daily basis & how much do you earn from it?”
He replied: “300 to 500 daily & that earns 50 to 70 rupees.”
I asked: “Do you save money?”
They said: “Yes, sometimes. Not daily. Hardly 10 to 15 rupees for emergency use.”

            After all this conversation, I told to them that I wanted to capture their photo along with their little shop. But they turned their faces the other way.


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On the way to my home, I was thinking about them. Their sad eyes & gloomy faces could not get off my mind. I was wondering that how good, responsible & hardworking they are at this age. They work hard to support their family & to fulfill their needs at an age when they should be playing & studying just like other children. While we are so insensitive & careless about such people around us. There were so many people in that ground, but no one even bothered to look at those 2 kids who were waiting for someone to come & buy something from them. We are so much blessed & busy in our lives that we do not even bother to look at people who literally fight hard for little things in life that we are already blessed with. We should be thankful to God for everything we have. We need to take out some time for people who are underprivileged & share their problems & help them. Because happiness increases by giving.

“Remember that the happiest people are not those getting more, but those giving more!”
– H. Jackson Brown Jr.

THE VAMPIRE LADY

“Her soul was too deep to explore by those who always swam in the shallow end.”

            It is said that women are the most beautiful creatures of this world. And these beautiful creatures are often seen beautifying themselves even more. But what if they are seen modifying themselves in unconventional ways?

This reminded me of a sentence I read somewhere; “We are all stories in the end!”

            The only difference is, some of us remain unheard, unseen & unknown for life. While few of us decide to be the story’s hero & end up being known for the attempt of surviving through the odds!

            The Vampire Lady is one such lady who decided to be her own hero. Maria Jose Cristerna Mendez is a Mexican lady who is famous for the most tattoos & body modifications. She holds the Guinness World Record for female with the most tattoos & body modifications. She has 49 body modifications which almost covers more than 90% of her body with tattoos, ink, piercings & titanium horns & fangs implants. Maria is a 36 years old, former lawyer, mother of 4 children, belonging from a Christian Catholic family, currently a professional video jockey, also a lecturer in women’s support group, awareness raiser, speaker & helper against domestic violence.


Before & After
Before & After

            The question arises, why would a woman modify or recreate herself like that? There must be something that must be going on in her mind, something that made her to be like that. People know her for her terrifying looks that are associated with a devil or vampire. But few people know what made her like that… An abusive & drug addict life partner!

            Maria lived for 10 years with an abusive & drug addicted husband until she found the courage to take their 4 children & leave him. The 10 years or living with a mentally & physically abusing person changed her internally & her perspective for self & the world. Dwelling in a society which is known for strong gang culture & different sorts of abuse on women, she spent a long time period with a spouse who was abusive & violent, felt helpless but finally build courage to help herself & others going through the same situation.  According to her, the piercing & tattoos is a way of expressing herself which symbolizes the 10 years of suffering & a different way of recovering from the trauma of abuse.

             In spite of her looks, even today she says that she is a traditional woman like the other who look after her family. Currently she is married to another man namely David who has accepted her the way she is. They have been living together for 10 years together now. He has also helped Maria in opening & managing the tattoo parlour & a boutique offering Goth clothing & accessories. Maria is now spending a normal life just like other woman. She cooks, takes care of her family & does whatever she likes.

            Women belonging from any race, society or culture is directly or indirectly affected by their husband’s behaviour. This is not only seen in the Asian culture where women are considered to be more dependent on their spouse, but almost in every race, religion, culture, etc. Marriage is a sacred relation which bonds two different people in beautiful threads of respect, love, care & trust. If it is mishandled things fall apart, either of the partner or both maybe adversely effected by it. It was a man who changed her perspective for her own self, life & the world around her. It is a man who is supporting her in recovering from the trauma, apart from her own will power. It takes a real man to realize that he made a mistake but an even better one to try to make things right.  But most importantly for a woman her entire life can change. The society ends up judging & pointing out the woman which makes it even harder for a woman to move on. This is just one story that is bought forward, but there millions of real life stories where women have been living in abusive relationships. But there are few people who choose to be their own hero. But the fact is that every tragic incident or even a moment of suffering leaves a huge impact on the person. This is more prominently seen in case of women. Maria Jose Christine is just one example. There are many unheard & unseen examples that we do not know about. And we should be respecting the people who fight for themselves in spite of all odds without judging them, especially in case of women.

“I like stories where women save themselves!”

DENGUE

As the weather is becoming cooler & winter is near, the number of mosquitoes is increasing rapidly. Mosquitoes are small, that look like flies, constitute the family Culicidae. Females of most species are ectoparasites, whose tube-like mouth parts pierce the host’s skin to consume blood leading to red bumps on the skin that causes itching.

Dengue is one of the disease that is caused by mosquitoes. It is said that malaria spreads the most in winters because the number of mosquitoes is highest at that time. But dengue does not wait for winters, in fact it is likely to spend the most in the rainy season. As the dengue mosquito lays its egg in water filled containers or places where there is enough water. The dengue larvae spreads the most in areas where water is found. Moreover, the dengue virus bearing mosquito can fly up to 400 meters finding water, to lay its egg. The peak biting periods of dengue mosquitoes are early in the morning & in the evening before the dusk.

INTRODUCTION

Dengue (Deng-gey) Fever also known as Break-bone Fever is a mosquito-borne disease that occurs in tropical & subtropical areas of the world which causes flu, cough, cold, high fever, rash & muscle and joint pain. A severe form of dengue fever is also called Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever which can cause severe bleeding, a sudden drop in blood pressure (shock) & death.

According to the local media, 10,000 dengue cases were reported in year 2015, in Pakistan. Out of which 9899 cases were registered, including 7 fatalities during the course of year. Other than this, in the past 50 years the incidence of dengue worldwide has increased 30 folds.

CAUSATIVE ORGANISM: There are 4 different type of viruses that cause dengue fever but the most common is “Aedes aegypti” which is a female mosquito.


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SIGN & SYMPTOMS

A symptom is something the patient feels or reports, while a sign is something that other people, including the doctor detects. A headache may be an example of a symptom, while a rash may be an example of a sign.

These are divided into 3 categories:

  1. Mild Dengue Fever
  2. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)
  3. Dengue Shock Syndrome

MILD DENGUE FEVER: Symptoms can appear up to 7 days after the mosquito carrying the virus bites & usually disappear after a week. This form of the disease hardly ever results in serious or fatal complications.

The symptoms of mild dengue fever are:

  • Aching (painful) muscles & joints
  • Body rash that can disappear & then reappear
  • High fever
  • Intense headache
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Vomiting & feeling nauseous

DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER (DHF): Symptoms during onset may be mild, but gradually worsen after a number of days. DHF can result in death if not treated in time.

Mild dengue fever symptoms may occur in DHF, as well as the ones listed below:

  • Bleeding from mouth/gums
  • Nosebleeds
  • Clammy skin (Pale Coloured Skin)
  • Considerably damaged lymph and blood vessels
  • Internal bleeding, which can result in black vomiting & stool
  • Lower number of platelets in blood (Platelets are the cells that help clot your blood)
  • Sensitive stomach
  • Small blood spots under your skin
  • Weak pulse

DENGUE SHOCK SYNDROME: It is the worst form of dengue which can also result in death, again mild dengue fever symptoms may appear, but others likely to appear are:

  • Intense Stomach Pain
  • Disorientation (Lack of Concentration)
  • Sudden Hypotension (Fast Drop in Blood Pressure)
  • Heavy Bleeding
  • Regular Vomiting
  • Blood Vessels leaking Fluid
  • Death

 


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DIAGNOSIS

Dengue fever is diagnosed by a medical care giver by the relatively characteristic sequence of high fever, rash appearance & other symptoms in a person who has a history of recent travel to dengue endemic areas (place where the disease is more common) & recalls mosquito bites while in the endemic area. However, if not all of the symptoms are present or the history is not complete, the care giver is likely to run a number of tests to obtain a definitive diagnosis.

BLOOD SAMPLE: This sample can be tested in a laboratory in a number of ways to find signs of the dengue virus. If the dengue virus is detected diagnosis is straightforward; if this fails there are other blood tests which can identify antibodies, antigens & nucleic acids, including:

  • ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay)
  • HI assay (hem agglutination inhibition assay)
  • RT-PCR (reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction)

TREATMENT

There is no specific medicine to treat dengue infection. If you think you may have dengue fever, you should use pain relievers & avoid medicines such as aspirin, which could worsen bleeding. You should also rest, drink plenty of fluids to get hydrated & see your doctor as soon as possible. If you start to feel worse in the first 24 hours after your fever goes down, you should get to a hospital immediately to be checked for complications.

If you have severe dengue fever, you may need:

  • Supportive care in a hospital
  • Intravenous (IV) fluid & Electrolyte replacement
  • Blood pressure monitoring
  • Transfusion to replace blood loss

COMPLICATIONS (IF NOT TREATED)

The complications of dengue fever are usually associated with the more severe forms of dengue fever; hemorrhagic & shock syndrome. The most serious complications, although infrequent, are as follows:

  • Dehydration
  • Hemorrhage (Bleeding)
  • Low platelets
  • Hypo-tension (Low blood pressure)
  • Bradycardia (Slow heart rate)
  • Liver damage
  • Neurological damage (Seizures, Encephalitis)
  • High fever
  • Damage to the lymphatic system
  • Damage to blood vessels
  • Bleeding from the nose
  • Bleeding from the gums
  • Liver enlargement
  • Circulatory system failure
  • Death

PREVENTION

There are currently no vaccines for dengue fever. The best way to prevent the disease is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes altogether. Although there is no certain treatment for dengue, it can be treated as long as it is caught before developing into dengue shock syndrome or dengue hemorrhagic fever.

There is no vaccine to prevent dengue fever. The best way to prevent the disease is to prevent bites by infected mosquitoes, particularly if you are living in or traveling to a tropical area. This involves protecting yourself & doing efforts to keep the mosquito population down.

TO PROTECT YOURSELF                                       

  • Stay away from areas that have water nearby.
  • Use mosquito repellent. Permethrin can be applied to your clothing, shoes & bed netting. You can also buy clothing made with permethrin already in it. For your skin, use a repellent containing at least a 10% concentration of DEET.
  • When outdoors, wear long-sleeved shirts & long pants.
  • When indoors, have net doors & mosquito killers installed.
  • Make sure window & door screens are secure & free of holes or unnecessary opening. If sleeping areas are not screened, use mosquito nets.
  • If you have symptoms of dengue, immediately speak to your doctor.
  • To reduce the mosquito population, get rid of the places where mosquitoes can breed. These include plantation/flower pots, bird & pet’s water dishes, open areas, water storage, etc.

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FEW KEY POINTS TO KNOW IF YOU HAVE DENGUE FEVER

  • High Grade fever (104°F)
  • Chills, Headache, Pain under the eyes & Body ache
  • Appearance of Rash (Spots on body).
  • Bradycardia (Decrease Heart Rate)
  • Hypo-tension (Low Blood Pressure)If you are feeling these signs and symptoms then you must approach to your health care provider.

MODE OF INFECTION


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IF MEN IN BLACK THEN WOMEN IN WHITE – REFLECTIONS

Myths are a certain type of stories that are made by people to believe into while it is also passed over generations. One such myth has always been that, “A woman is the reflection of her man.” If the statement stands to be true then all man should be black & all women should be white, as black is the color that absorbs every beam of light while white reflects them all. Keeping this in mind that whatever a man absorbs or precisely what a man possesses in himself turns out to be the reflection shown in the woman he aligns or accompanies with. If that is true, then all women must be Godesses. If man are regarded as “Majazi Khuda” in our society.

            Since the advent of the concept about man & woman as separate entities has prevailed. It has become difficult to decide as to whether who is who & what is what. The blame game of both the genders has created a havoc of disharmony in the world. None out of both is willing to admit & give away a certain service demanded by one to the other. Each one is so busy in asking & demanding that the hands of giving are in scarcity while the mouths to ask are in surplus. This situation clearly creates a condition which Gandhi defined as, “An eye for an eye leaves the whole world blind.” A woman by the myth mentioned above appears to be the reflection of what a man absorbs in his personality. An arabic proverb says, “When a women is loved correctly she becomes ten times the women she was before.” It is near to impossible for a woman to be loved correctly in a surplus of women in the world by the number of 4.2 billion when men are only 3.3 billion.

            It is said, “Ignorance is the key to all success” which means both men & women have to learn the art of ignorance only by which the world will know peace & harmony.

            Sri Chimnoy has rightly said; “Unless & until we have peace deep within us, we can never hope to have peace in the outer world. You & I create the world by the vibrations that we offer to it. If we can invoke peace & then offer it to somebody else, we will see how peace expands from one to two persons & gradually to the world at large. Peace will come about in the world from the perfection of individuals. If you have peace, I have peace, he has peace & she has peace, then automatically universal peace will dawn.”

            World is the balance of woman & man in the world. Without both of them world cannot survive gracefully. Both man & woman should respect their differences & must give breathing space to eachother in order to grow. Both woman & man are reflections of each other, both interchange their places of role performance when necessary hence both must appreciate & admit each other’s importance & grow with the maturity of mutual respect because children are their prism & mirror who follow in their footsteps.

“The woman is the reflection of her man.
If you love her to the point of madness, she will become it.”
– Brad Pitt

I WANT TO DO SOMETHING… BUT WHAT SHOULD I DO? (5 STEPS TO SET & ACHIEVE A GOAL)


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I see youngsters saying “I want to do something… But what should I do?” It is good to do something productive apart from your field of study & professional career, using the talents & skills you possess. Once you realize you have the will to do something on your own, you can actually do anything you want. All you need is a little motivation & determination. When you have the talent to do something, you can use it to do several different productive things. But you need to sit & talk to yourself, that what you are good at. You can have a talk with a friend who understands you & has the same interests as you. This will help you come up with several different ideas. You need to figure out what is manageable & best for you.

            When it comes to achieving your goals & doing something, everything might sound tough & sometimes unrealistic. In our daily lives, we end up procrastinating due to work load, which makes it even harder to achieve our goals & we end up believing we cannot do it.

  1. You need to sit down & list a couple of things that you would love to do. How? Why? May be the skills you have learnt up till now in your life. Once you figure out that you could enjoy doing every day.

            Sit down take some time. Think… Yes I am a good artist, photographer, singer, writer or think of skills like that. Once you have certain things that you can do.

  1. Ask yourself, what you can envision yourself doing everyday if money was no option. For me, I chose writing. I questioned myself; “Can I write on different topics every day, if money was no option?” Oh yes, absolutely. I love writing. I love to express my viewpoint. I love to spread positivity with my words around. So this is an important part. What you can actually see yourself doing every single day, all the time that personally makes you happy. It’s like figuring out what you are good at & then taking that thing along with you.

            You learn little lessons & skills from things you do on day to day basis in life. And you never know those little things can turn out being your entire career.

  1. There are things that stops you from doing what you want to do. Whether it’s your home life or lack of finances or anything. There is always something between you & your goal but you can’t let it stop you from accomplishing your goals. Initially at younger age everyone has money problems.

            You can actually sit down & think about things that are keeping you from your goals. You need to list down & understand the things that are stopping you from achieving your goal. This way it is easier to have a brighter side about all the barriers & you can’t let them stop you. Because there is always something bad & you need to find good from that & once you stay focused on something that you really enjoy, then good will come from it. Because once you do what your heart wants you to do, you will realize how easier it is to be happy. Also it won’t be work, it will be something you’ll enjoy doing.

  1. Things that you can change in your own personal life that will help you achieve your goals. For instance, what can you do yourself to achieve your goal? You don’t have to rely on other people, you don’t have to blame other people for anything. You have to know for yourself that what you can change, because change is good & obviously when you want to achieve something, a change is necessary. The definition of insanity is doing the same thing over & over again & expecting different results. You have to avoid insanity, bring change.

            People talk about things, people talk about change over & over again. It’s easy to talk about things over & over again but it’s actually hard to actually change, bring a change & accept the change. When it actually comes to doing something besides saying it. There is never any action. That is bad. Because if you want to change you need to take an action for that.

  1. You need to set time for yourself that how long is it going to take to achieve your goal? If you don’t set a time you might not be able to do as good as you could. You keep putting it off & then nothing really happens. For setting a goal, time frame is really important. Think about the times when you talked about something you have already achieved now. You must have an estimated time frame in your mind that how long the things will take to work. It’s scary to bump into something all of a sudden without preparing yourself completely. You need time to set up things & make them work the way you want. It’s important to have a time frame because it will help you to prioritize things & stay organized & you need to remember that what you need to achieve the goal & what you need to stay away from.

            It is going to be really hard in the beginning. It might take days, months or years. You might even feel that it is really going nowhere but as long as you don’t lose sight of what is important. You need to stay positive & be able to envision it for yourself.

            Like 5 years from now you want to picture yourself, that what you want to do. Then you need not to lose sight of that & it will happen.

            Don’t tell yourself that you will try to do it. But challenge yourself to do it. Tell yourself you can actually do it. If you are giving yourself the option to not succeed at it then you are already setting yourself for the failure. Tell yourself you can do it & you are really going to do it. Success & happiness can only come from that.

            You decide to do something & after couple of weeks or months you are not happy with it. Guess what? You tried it. Now you can add something to the list of things you tried. And at this point you don’t have to be demotivated. You have to start it over again or maybe start with something new.

            You need something to be happy about & to have something you can spend your time on. There is already a lot of nonsense in the world & you need to focus on what matters. It is important to be surrounded by people who are as motivated as you are. Because negative people put you down whereas positive & motivated people show you a clear picture of your own path. And if you don’t have such friends find people who share same interests as yours, motivate them & they will be your motivation. But remember one thing, in the end… You are your own motivation!

ARE YOU A DIABETIC PATIENT?


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Sweet! A term seems really sweet to all but actually can be worse than bitter for a few.

The mother of all diseases lies on this simple word “Sweet.” Without sweets life is tasteless. The excess can make you gain weight & even become diabetic patient, but the restriction & control can make all your worries fly away. There are a few things that one should know in order to stay healthy, especially those who are suffering from this health condition.

Diabetes is a metabolic condition which is characterized by either simple carbohydrate intolerance or either by the absolute or relative deficiency of insulin or its receptors. Understanding the normal can make you understand the abnormality.

WHY & HOW A HEALTHY PERSON HAS NORMAL GLUCOSE LEVELS?

When we ingest any carbohydrates, fats & glucose (sweet) containing product in our diet this undergoes metabolism where these carbohydrates, fats & other products are broken down into glucose. Here the mechanism starts, where this glucose tries to enter into the human body cells that require INSULIN. This insulin is responsible to let the glucose molecules enter into the cell & digest further going under ATP formation. As soon as the glucose enters the cell the glucose molecules in the blood circulations gets decreased & the total serum glucose levels drops to normal, in a normal person.

WHY A DIABETIC PATIENT DOES NOT HAVE NORMAL GLUCOSE LEVELS?

This is a question that is asked by diabetic patients all around the world. Let’s figure it out!

According to the definition of diabetes; “It is either an absolute or relative deficiency of insulin or its receptors.” Now keeping this phrase in mind, we can say that, when a glucose molecule tries to enter the cell the most responsible agent INSULIN which let the glucose molecules enter are either deficient or not strong  enough to let the glucose get inside the cell.

These two problems lead to the persistent increased burden of glucose molecules in the blood ultimately leading to the high serum blood glucose levels.

WHERE DOES THE INSULIN COME FROM?

People are most of the times wandering about the insulin what is it from where we can get it naturally?

Insulin is a Glycoprotein which is formed in the islets of Langerhans; the pancreatic cells generally known as Beta cells. Insulin is formed & stored in the pancreas & is released even before we ingest anything. It is an example of feet forward mechanism to compensate the normal blood glucose levels.

DIABETES & ITS SUB TYPES

  • TYPE-1 DIABETES (Juvenile / Childhood Type Early Onset): The insulin is absolutely absent. It might be due to the destruction of insulin secreting gland which is the Pancreas.
  • TYPE-2 DIABETES (Late Onset / Adult Type): The insulin is usually present but the receptors are destroyed or either absent.
  • GESTATIONAL DIABETES: Occurs during pregnancy.

            As Diabetes is a major health problem worldwide people usually like to talk about it, sometimes people are worried about themselves, AM I LIKELY TO GET DIABETES TOO?”

  Always keep one thing in mind, that every normal condition converting to abnormal has some causative factors.

These include:

FOR TYPE-1:
  • Positive family history
  • Genetic susceptibility
  • Previous viral infection (Coxsackie’s virus)
  • Auto-immune conditions (where the body starts eating its own tissues/organs)
  • Dietary factors (early exposure to cow/formula milk before age of 4months)
  • Geographical conditions
FOR TYPE-2:
  • Genetic factor
  • Environmental factor: life style (Over-eating, junk food, artificial sweeteners, lack of exercise, stress)
  • Certain pancreatic pathology
  • Race
  • Age
  • High blood pressure
  • Other medical conditions such as PCO, Thyroid raised levels, Cushing syndrome, Pancreatitis

HOW WILL I FEEL IF MY BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVEL IS INCREASING?

Honestly speaking there is no any particular sign or symptom of hyperglycemia (raised glucose levels).

People generally feel the following symptoms:

  • Polyuria (Increased frequency of urine)
  • Polydipsia (Increased frequency of thirst)
  • Generalized weight loss
  • Blurring of vision
  • Parestheisa (Loss of sensation in feet and fingers)
  • Ketoacidosis (A condition in which there is absolute insulin deficiency characterized by sweet smell in your breath)

FED UP OF THIS CONDITION… CAN’T CONTROL MY DIABETES!!

Your health is auspicious for your loved ones; the solution is to take care of your health as much as possible. You look on your easy going life right now & after your uncontrolled diabetes how it could be:

  • Multiple attacks of infections (TB, Urinary tract infections, Prurient itching all over the body)
  • Deterioration of vision
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Diabetic foot (Ulcer formation leading to the amputation of foot)
  • Myocardial infarction (Heart Attack)
  • Renal failure
  • Increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease
  • Stroke

WHAT INVESTIGATIONS CAN BE PERFORMED TO DIAGNOSE & CHECK THE DIABETES?

  • RBS (Random Blood Sugar)
  • FBS (Fasting Blood Sugar)
  • OGTT (Oral Glucose Tolerance Test)
  • HbA1c (Glycosylated Hemoglobin) gives the record of past 90 days the blood glucose level usually used to check the control of diabetes
  • Serum Fructosamine
  • Urine Glucose

TREATMENT GOALS

As diabetes is the major health problem & most health concerning issue many clinical trial are performed to treat this condition but unfortunately none of the trial is proved to be beneficial. Whereas, the Insulin & Oral hypoglycemic drugs are the supportive treatment. The specific treatment which can either start the insulin secretion or can up-regulate the receptors are not yet found. Recent study was done where a vaccine is formed to treat the Type-1 Diabetes patient by killing the auto antibodies against beta cells but it has to be yet approved by FDA.

PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE keeping this phrase in mind population can modify their life style & decreasing the burden of risk factors can prevent the condition to some extent.

 

HOW CAN I CONTROL MY DIABETES? WHAT CAN BE MY DIET PLAN??

Majority of patients are only concerned with this question so here is the answer.

The Hand Rule tells us about how much amount you can eat & what.

  • FRUITS/GRAINS & STARCHES: Choose an amount the size of your fist for each of Grains, Starches & Fruit.

1

  • VEGETABLES: Choose as much as you can hold in both hands.

2

  • MEAT & ALTERNATIVES: Choose an amount up to the size of the palm of your hand & the thickness of your little finger.

3

  • FATS: Limit fat to an amount the size of the tip of your thumb.

4

The meal should always be maintained. It should be 3 big meals & 3 small meals (snacks). The big meals are your Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner. If the breakfast contains proteins (eggs) & carbohydrates (bread) then the Lunch should contain Grains & Starch. The dinner should have Fruits & Vegetables. Taking Carbohydrates, Fats, Starch & Fruits at same time can disturb your blood glucose levels therefore it must be divided accordingly.


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THINGS TO EAT

  • Apples
  • Asparagus
  • Avocado
  • Beans
  • Blueberries
  • Broccoli
  • Carrots
  • Cranberries
  • Fish
  • Flax seeds
  • Garlic
  • Kale
  • Melon
  • Nuts
  • Oat meals
  • Quinoa
  • Grapefruit
  • Red onions
  • Tea
  • Spinach
  • Tomatoes
  • Chicken
  • Papaya
  • Plums
  • Guava
  • Apricot
  • Brown rice
  • Porridge
  • Pulses
  • Legumes
  • Wheat

THINGS NOT TO EAT

The key rule is to avoid all those things which contain artificial sugars, extra fats & are highly rich in glucose are strictly prohibited.


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“Every hum,an being is the author of his own health or disease!”
– Buddha.

WOMAN… PERCEIVED AS A THREAT BY A WEAK MAN WHILST A STRENGTH BY A STRONG MAN!

“Once there used to live
Pessimist & Optimist
Idealists & Realists
Philosophers & Practitioners
Feminists & Chauvinists together successfully.
Because their love for each other was greater than their love for themselves.”

            Women is a word from which some derive meaning as “Wow of men” or “Woe without men.” It is extremely based on ones own perception about women. Women around the world appear as the reflection of what one desires to see in her. A weak man sees threats whilst a brave man sees strength.

Lisa Kleypas said, ” A well read woman is a dangerous creature.”

            In her view, woman is one the creations of God & their learning is as important as that of another. On the other hand a famous writer Leo Tolstoy feels the need of woman in a society by saying, “Nothing is better for a youngster than the company of old wise woman.” By youngster he means a young learning boy & by wise woman what he really means is a woman with strong character. As one can see character have long been an illusion to guide or rather misguide one from perceiving woman as human based on the fact that she has to deliver a certain discipline of wisdom imposed by OTHERS!

            Women all around the world are expected to deliver a certain code of conduct towards society baffled by the idea i.e. women & only women are responsible for the betterment of society. A society where women are fighting for dignity, respect, recognition, realization, encouragement & understanding of being a human but they are being judged & condemned by men not delivering as desired by the society, yet women are responsible for the betterment of society. If women are responsible for the betterment of society then why are not women encouraged to participate in a society?

A question that has always remained a mystery!

            Subsequently, for the amazement of society women are fighting for their rights – to be appropriate basic human rights as characterized by Maslow – in the society for the society with the society & still women are responsible for the betterment of society.

            History reveals that women have always played significant role in all walks of life side by side men to make this society a successful society. The ecosystem of the earth requires not the men or women but rather the manhood & womanhood which are characteristics of human to make this world a better place. Both man & woman are required to play the role of human yet each human irrespective of gender has the capabilities of both manhood & womanhood.

            Unless man in a society understands the importance of womanhood no society can flourish swiftly & vice versa..!

“Women are the real architects of the society!”

CRIMEAN-CONGO HEMORRHAGIC FEVER (CCHF)

 

            Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever commonly known as Congo Fever which is caused by Congo Virus, a viral disease characterized by hemorrhage (bleeding) & fever. This is another deadly viral disease which causes hemorrhagic fever is carried by several domestic as well as wild animals & can be transmitted from animals to humans, as ticks are widely found on the animal skin.

Since Eid-ul-Adha is near & the possibility of Congo Fever cases is likely to increase. It is important that we create some basic awareness regarding it, through our writings.

CCHF is present in Africa, Balkans, Middle East & Asian countries. It is now spreading in Pakistan as well.

DEFINITION

CCHF is a widespread disease caused by a tick-borne virus Nairovirus. The CCHF virus causes severe viral hemorrhagic fever outbreaks, with a case fatality rate of 10–40%.

The hosts of the CCHF virus include a wide range of wild & domestic animals such as cattle, sheep & goats. Many birds are resistant to infection, but ostriches are susceptible & may show a high prevalence of infection in endemic areas, where they have been at the origin of human cases. There is no apparent disease in these animals.

Animals become infected by the bite of infected ticks & the virus remains in their bloodstream for about one week after infection, allowing the tick-animal-tick cycle to continue when another tick bites. Although a number of tick genera are capable of becoming infected with CCHF virus, ticks of the genus Hyalomma are the principal vector.

TRANSMISSION

The CCHF virus is transmitted to people either by tick bites or through contact with infected animal blood or tissues during & immediately after slaughter. The majority of cases have occurred in people involved in the livestock industry, such as agricultural workers, slaughterhouse workers & veterinarians.


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Human-to-human transmission can occur resulting from close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected persons. Hospital-acquired infections can also occur due to improper sterilization of medical equipment, reuse of needles & contamination of medical supplies.

SIGNS

  • Headache
  • High Fever
  • Back Pain
  • Joint Pain
  • Stomach Pain
  • Vomiting
  • Red Eyes
  • Flushed Face
  • Red Throat
  • Petechiae (Red Spots)

cchf


SYMPTOMS

  • Jaundice
  • Changes in mood
  • In severe cases large areas of severe bruising
  • Severe nosebleeds
  • Uncontrolled bleeding at injection sites

DIAGNOSIS

Few blood tests can help to make appropriate diagnosis:

  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
  • Antigen detection
  • Serum neutralization
  • Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay
  • Virus isolation by cell culture

TREATMENT

The treatment for CCHF is primarily supportive. Care should include careful attention to fluid balance & correction of electrolyte abnormalities, oxygenation & hemodynamic support & appropriate treatment of secondary infections. The virus is sensitive in vitro to the antiviral drug ribavirin. It has been used in the treatment of CCHF patients reportedly with some benefit.

PREVENTION

As there is yet no vaccine available so the only way to reduce infection in people is by raising awareness of the risk factors & educating people about the measures they can take to reduce exposure to the virus.

REDUCING THE RISK OF TICK-TO-HUMAN TRANSMISSION: 

  • Wear protective clothing (long sleeves, long trousers).
  • Wear light colored clothing to allow easy detection of ticks on the clothes.
  • Use approved chemicals intended to kill ticks on clothing.
  • Cover your face (mouth, mose, ears) while coming in contact with animals.
  • Use approved repellent on the skin and clothing.
  • Regularly examine clothing and skin for ticks; if found, remove them safely.
  • Seek to eliminate or control tick infestations on animals or in stables & barns.
  • Avoid areas where ticks are abundant and seasons when they are most active.
  • Reducing the risk of animal-to-human transmission.
  • Wear gloves and other protective clothing while handling animals or their tissues in endemic areas, notably during slaughtering, butchering & culling procedures in slaughterhouses or at home.
  • Quarantine animals before they enter slaughterhouses or routinely treat animals with pesticides two weeks prior to slaughter.
  • Avoid close physical contact with CCHF infected people.
  • Wear gloves & protective equipment when taking care of ill people.
  • Wash hands after caring for or visiting ill people.

 

It should be noted that even the infected animals might look healthy. But since we know that CCHF is spreading around, we all should be careful & take all the preventive measures to stay safe during this Eid. And in case anyone feels the above mentioned signs & symptoms, should contact a doctor immediately.

Stay safe & updated this Eid!

FUN WAYS TO STAY POSITIVE – DIY


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Here we bring the Tumblr inspired do it yourself way to stay positive. All you need to do is, create a box storage jar where if something good happens to you, you can write it down & put it in. That way at the end of the year you can open it up & see all the good things that happened to you. You can get a jar, shoe box, tissue box or use anything you like. Get some stickers that you like or make your own cute little quote stickers to stick on the jar. The reason for decorating the jar is to make it look pretty & that every time you look at it, it will put you in a good mood.

            The reason for doing this is a lot of good things happen & you are excited about it & happy about life. And then one bad thing happens & it often shuts you down & descends your mood & you tend to forget all the good things that happened to you.

            When something good happens to you, you can quickly write it down & put it in the jar. If you are having a harder time & you want to go from a month to month you can even do that.


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            The best way to change your mood during bad times is to do stuff that reminds you of all the good old days that you have had. Doing this can actually help you to remember & have your memories saved forever. It is a way to remind you that bad things happen to everyone. Times can be really really hard. That there is good & little good things do matter the most.

“Enjoy the little things in life… For one day you’ll look back & realize they were big things.”


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            Not just this… You can even write your dreams, goals & wishes. So that months from now when you open the jar/box you should know that back in the days “I wanted to do this with my life & I have accomplished … things.” Your accomplishments will obviously make you happy.


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            Everyone has ups & downs in their lives. If you try to focus on what’s positive in your life & what’s good in your life you will be okay. Anyone who needs more positivity in their life or something that may help to keep their mind off should definitely do this.

            You don’t need to wait the whole year. You can even stick to it completely & try for 2-3 weeks. Write about the good things that happened to you & if you are having a bad day just open the jar & look at all the positive things & this will help bring a smile to your face & will make you bad day better.

Remember, if you lead out positive energy then positive things will happen to you. If you are not happy the way your life is going then be sure it’s time to make some changes. This little jar won’t solve the world’s problems but if this can help you be a better person then surely go for it. Because we need to start from ourselves.

“May you be happy always & enjoy the little things!”

MUSTAFA RAZA SHAIKH


Mustafa Raza Shaikh (1994 – Forever)

Mustafa Raza Shaikh, 22 years old, lived a life for those in need, smiled to cheer up gloomy faces, a brave & inspiring human being. Many of you may not know him but you must have heard about him. He was not one of those famous ones he is certainly one of those who are the most missed ones. If you meet the people who knew him, they would tell you how he touched them all. People who have known him for years or have had just a couple of minutes interaction, he won them all, with his intriguing personality & honest fiber. His looks, his words, his actions were spellbound. One cannot expect such wisdom & salt from such a tender age.

Mustafa Raza Shaikh, an amazing soul, an enduring personality, a born leader was born on 10th January 1994. Since childhood Mustafa decided to be the driver of his life rather than a passenger who gives control of his decisions into someone else’s hands, be it a small pick or a life changing verdict. When he was 8 years old, he told his father that he wanted to be a Hafiz-e-Quran. He completed this glorious task within 4 years. He finished his intermediate in commerce & joined SZABIST Hyderabad for a professional business administration degree, considering his open ended creative capabilities & ownership skills. He gave hand to one of his friends in starting his own business of dispensing clean water known as “Crystal Spring” to the city of Hyderabad. He possessed an entrepreneurial mind set & his biggest talent was the power of execution, which is hardly found in people of his age. Having the knowledge learned from his education & possessing an adapt eye on the cares, he started his own business, named “Car Exchange” which is quite well known in Hyderabad. Through his actions he proved that relations are not made by blood but by emotions & respect. Even his friends claim that in different points in life his actions showed his dedication towards their friendship. He knew how to treat & serve his relations in the best possible ways.

But it is heart breaking when media & other institutions of our so called society calls his death an accident or suicide. Police says it is carbon monoxide poisoning, then why they are not telling it to the parents that how & when it happened. How can it be a suicide? A person who used to be light for others in dark times can never himself choose a dark path. His postmortem’s chemical reports show no poisonous substance found in his body which clearly proves that whatever those defiled people & unauthentic media reports are declaring is wrong. There are many questions that need to be answered & loopholes in the police investigation & unsatisfactory attitude of doctors who examined him. This case is a responsibility of our authorities & if this case becomes just another file then there will be such a wrath caused by the natural principles of Allah, that no one would ever be able to save his belongings or blood.

It is said that good people leave this world early, but to be very honest this was too early to leave, Mustafa! His life will always be a source of inspiration & learning.

“The most painful goodbyes are the ones that are never said & never explained!”

May Allah (S.W.T) grant him the highest place in Jannah!