14th AUGUST & THE GENERATION OF 90’s

“Pakistan was created the day when the first Muslim entered the subcontinent.” – Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah

This has been one of the historical quotes of Quaid-e-Azam. Haah! Pakistan! My heart aches! It comes to my mouth when I flash back to the making of Pakistan. A journey of 70 years have been a greater drama then the actual day of independence. Pakistan, The Islamic Republic state, is a country where we love each other today as much as we used to. Back in the days everything was difficult & unapproachable but today everything exists at an arm’s length or maybe less.

Pakistan is a nation of 185 million people registered currently by NADRA but I bet there are more Pakistanis yet to be registered. Most Of them live under poverty line & we think we are independent. Independence, is for only those who can buy the flag, wear expensive dresses & brands & join the sale drama played every quarterly. Life is a drama in Pakistan but 14th August is the best day to showcase & stage it. All of the country becomes a theater where everyone’s playing a role of pleasure giving character. The character could be any but we are doomed with it. Somedays it appears, we have got independence only for buying flags, wearing new clothes & for partying. What do we actually do on the rest of days which can prove us to be independent.

We are so far from where we started but where we have reached is unknown to us. Can we ask ourselves certain questions to know where we stand today? Is Pakistan a place of best biologists? Is Pakistan a place of Best mathematician? Is Pakistan a place of Best linguists? But we are independent since 1947. This year make a vow to prove in the next 70 years that we are independent. Let the industry of education be that industry where Pakistan is unbeatable. Yes I know…you will say I haven’t read about that exceptional 66A holder of Pakistan! I am not talking about exceptionals, I want it to be regularity, the casual & the routine. May we all have a wonderful 14th August & 70th year as an independent nation & may we have many more.

Long Live Pakistan!

CRIMEAN-CONGO HEMORRHAGIC FEVER (CCHF)

 

            Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever commonly known as Congo Fever which is caused by Congo Virus, a viral disease characterized by hemorrhage (bleeding) & fever. This is another deadly viral disease which causes hemorrhagic fever is carried by several domestic as well as wild animals & can be transmitted from animals to humans, as ticks are widely found on the animal skin.

Since Eid-ul-Adha is near & the possibility of Congo Fever cases is likely to increase. It is important that we create some basic awareness regarding it, through our writings.

CCHF is present in Africa, Balkans, Middle East & Asian countries. It is now spreading in Pakistan as well.

DEFINITION

CCHF is a widespread disease caused by a tick-borne virus Nairovirus. The CCHF virus causes severe viral hemorrhagic fever outbreaks, with a case fatality rate of 10–40%.

The hosts of the CCHF virus include a wide range of wild & domestic animals such as cattle, sheep & goats. Many birds are resistant to infection, but ostriches are susceptible & may show a high prevalence of infection in endemic areas, where they have been at the origin of human cases. There is no apparent disease in these animals.

Animals become infected by the bite of infected ticks & the virus remains in their bloodstream for about one week after infection, allowing the tick-animal-tick cycle to continue when another tick bites. Although a number of tick genera are capable of becoming infected with CCHF virus, ticks of the genus Hyalomma are the principal vector.

TRANSMISSION

The CCHF virus is transmitted to people either by tick bites or through contact with infected animal blood or tissues during & immediately after slaughter. The majority of cases have occurred in people involved in the livestock industry, such as agricultural workers, slaughterhouse workers & veterinarians.


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Human-to-human transmission can occur resulting from close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected persons. Hospital-acquired infections can also occur due to improper sterilization of medical equipment, reuse of needles & contamination of medical supplies.

SIGNS

  • Headache
  • High Fever
  • Back Pain
  • Joint Pain
  • Stomach Pain
  • Vomiting
  • Red Eyes
  • Flushed Face
  • Red Throat
  • Petechiae (Red Spots)

cchf


SYMPTOMS

  • Jaundice
  • Changes in mood
  • In severe cases large areas of severe bruising
  • Severe nosebleeds
  • Uncontrolled bleeding at injection sites

DIAGNOSIS

Few blood tests can help to make appropriate diagnosis:

  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
  • Antigen detection
  • Serum neutralization
  • Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay
  • Virus isolation by cell culture

TREATMENT

The treatment for CCHF is primarily supportive. Care should include careful attention to fluid balance & correction of electrolyte abnormalities, oxygenation & hemodynamic support & appropriate treatment of secondary infections. The virus is sensitive in vitro to the antiviral drug ribavirin. It has been used in the treatment of CCHF patients reportedly with some benefit.

PREVENTION

As there is yet no vaccine available so the only way to reduce infection in people is by raising awareness of the risk factors & educating people about the measures they can take to reduce exposure to the virus.

REDUCING THE RISK OF TICK-TO-HUMAN TRANSMISSION: 

  • Wear protective clothing (long sleeves, long trousers).
  • Wear light colored clothing to allow easy detection of ticks on the clothes.
  • Use approved chemicals intended to kill ticks on clothing.
  • Cover your face (mouth, mose, ears) while coming in contact with animals.
  • Use approved repellent on the skin and clothing.
  • Regularly examine clothing and skin for ticks; if found, remove them safely.
  • Seek to eliminate or control tick infestations on animals or in stables & barns.
  • Avoid areas where ticks are abundant and seasons when they are most active.
  • Reducing the risk of animal-to-human transmission.
  • Wear gloves and other protective clothing while handling animals or their tissues in endemic areas, notably during slaughtering, butchering & culling procedures in slaughterhouses or at home.
  • Quarantine animals before they enter slaughterhouses or routinely treat animals with pesticides two weeks prior to slaughter.
  • Avoid close physical contact with CCHF infected people.
  • Wear gloves & protective equipment when taking care of ill people.
  • Wash hands after caring for or visiting ill people.

 

It should be noted that even the infected animals might look healthy. But since we know that CCHF is spreading around, we all should be careful & take all the preventive measures to stay safe during this Eid. And in case anyone feels the above mentioned signs & symptoms, should contact a doctor immediately.

Stay safe & updated this Eid!

YOU CAN NOT BEAT HER LIGHTLY!


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The Council of Islamic Ideology recently proposed a model on the women’s protection bill which has gained a lot of attention on media these days. “You can beat her lightly” has made it the center of attention & discussion these days.

Living in a male dominant society like Pakistan where it is believed that men are always right; “You can beat her lightly” has adversely effected the minds of people of Pakistan where a huge number of population is either illiterate or less literate to differentiate & differentiate between right or wrong. I see news & posts on social media that show men physically torturing their wives just because “you can beat her lightly.”

Conveying partial information is dangerous. It makes people believe they know enough to take a decision. Here is the Ayah quoted that states the complete details regarding “you can beat her lightly” under which conditions:

“Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has given the one more (strength) than the other, and because they support them from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient, and guard in (the husband’s) absence what Allah would have them guard. As to those women on whose part ye fear disloyalty and ill-conduct, admonish them (first), (next), refuse to share their beds, (last) beat them (lightly); but if they return to obedience, seek not against them Means (of annoyance): For Allah is Most High, great (above you all).”
– The Holy Quran; 4:34-36

Wife beating is prohibited in Islam, until & unless she is disloyal. Even the kind of beating has been specified .i.e. that doesn’t leave bruises on her body. Islam permits men & women to divorce each other, therefore setting the ways apart is a better option than domestic violence.

Narrated by Mu’awiyah al-Qushayri:
“I went to the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) & asked him; what do you say (command) about our wives? He replied; give them food what you have for yourself & clothe them by which you clothe yourself & do not beat them & do not revile them.”
– Sunan Abu-Dawud, Book 11, Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah), Number 2139

If we look back to the years even before Islam existed, women had no respect no value. Daughters were buried alive. But after Islam came women were given a value, respect & honor. Then how can Islam permit wife beating.

Islam justifies wife beating as wrong. So, YOU CAN NOT BEAT HER LIGHTLY!

“The best of you are those who are best to their wives!”
Narrated by Al-Tirmidhi, 3895; Ibn Maajah, 1977; classed as saheeh by Al-Albaani in Saheeh Al-Tirmidhi.